Biology, Minor

Program Description

The 20 hours that comprise the Biology Minor provide students from any discipline the opportunity to explore the life sciences beyond the University Core Curriculum. It is recommended that students who wish to take the Biology Minor use Biology I and Biology II to fulfill the Life and Physical Sciences requirement in the University Core Curriculum. All coursework in the Biology Minor must be from either the Biology BS program, or, with approval, the Biomedical BS program. Non-majors courses in either prefix (BIOL or BIMS) cannot be applied to the Biology Minor. 

Students majoring in Biomedical Sciences may not minor in Biology.

Program Requirements

Required Courses
BIOL 1406Biology I4
BIOL 1407Biology II4
Select one of the following 2000-level courses:3-4
Principles of Evolution
Genetics
Microbiology
Principles of Botany ^
Electives
Select 8-9 hours of upper-level electives8-9
Total Hours19-21

Upper-level Electives

A minor requires at least six hours of upper-division (3000-4000 level) courses. At least one course at the 2000-, 3000-, or 4000-level must include a laboratory component. With the exception of the courses listed below, any upper-division course with the BIOL prefix can be taken as an elective provided required prerequisites are met.

Upper division BIMS courses may be taken as electives with approval and if required prerequisites are met.

BIOL 4590 Selected Topics (5 sch) or BIMS 4590 Selected Topics (1-5 sch) may be taken with approval but no more than 4 hours of Selected Topics coursework can be applied to the Biology Minor.

The following courses will not count toward the Biology Minor:

BIOL 4100RESEARCH ETHICS AND PROFESSIONALISM1
BIMS 4299Directed Independent Research1-2
or BIOL 4399 Directed Independent Research
BIOL 4350Research and Design1-3
BIOL/BIMS 4396Directed Independent Study1-3

Courses

BIOL 1308  Science for Life I (Non-Majors Biology)  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

A NON-MAJORS SCIENCE COURSE IN WHICH STUDENTS WILL LEARN BASIC BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES, IDENTIFY THE RELEVANCE OF SCIENCE IN EVERYDAY LIFE, AND WILL UNDERSTAND THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD. HANDS-ON LAB ACTIVITIES WILL REINFORCE COURSE CONCEPTS. THIS COURSE DOES NOT SUBSTITUTE FOR BIOL 1406 - BIOLOGY I OR  BIOL 1407 - BIOLOGY II FOR SCIENCE MAJORS.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
TCCNS: BIOL 1308  
BIOL 1406  Biology I  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 2 Lab Hours)  

PRESENTATION OF BASIC BIOLOGICAL CONCEPTS INCLUDING SCIENTIFIC METHOD, CYTOLOGY, ENERGETICS, NUCLEIC ACIDS AND GENETICS. THIS COURSE IS SUITABLE FOR ALL MAJORS.

Prerequisite: (MATH 1314, 1316, 2305, 2413, minimum score of 21 in 'ACT Math' or minimum score of 550 in 'SAT Math').

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
TCCNS: BIOL 1406  
BIOL 1407  Biology II  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

THIS COURSE IS AN OVERVIEW OF THE MAJOR CONCEPTS IN BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY AND PLANT AND ANIMAL BIOLOGY. LABORATORY WORK WILL INCLUDE INDIVIDUAL/TEAM ACTIVITIES AS WELL AS TECHNOLOGY-RELATED ASSIGNMENTS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1406.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
TCCNS: BIOL 1407  
BIOL 2300  Science Communication  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

THIS COURSE INVOLVES PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF SELECTED TOPICS RELATING TO THE PROFESSIONAL SKILLS OF PRACTICING BIOLOGICAL SCIENTISTS, INCLUDING BASIC SOFTWARE INSTRUCTION, A REVIEW OF LIBRARY SERVICES PERTINENT TO SCIENCE, THE APPLICATION OF SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE RESEARCH SKILLS, HYPOTHESIS GENERATION AND STATISTICAL TESTS, CRITICAL REVIEWS OF SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES, AND AN INTRODUCTION TO ETHICAL ISSUES IN SCIENCE. 

BIOL 2371  Principles of Evolution  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

AN OVERVIEW OF THE MECHANISMS BY WHICH HERITABLE INFORMATION CHANGES, ADAPTATIONS DEVELOP, AND SPECIES DIVERSIFY. PROVIDES A FOUNDATION FOR MOLECULAR, CELLULAR, AND ORGANISMAL STUDIES IN THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 2401  Anatomy and Physiology I  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE HUMAN BODY EMPHASIZING BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, CELL BIOLOGY, TISSUES, AND THE INTEGUMENTARY, SKELETAL, MUSCULAR, AND NERVOUS SYSTEMS. NOT RECOMMENDED FOR MAJORS IN THE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. TO COUNT THIS COURSE TOWARD A MAJOR IN THE DEPARTMENT OF LIFE SCIENCES, A STUDENT MUST DEMONSTRATE THAT IT IS REQUIRED BY PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS IN HIS OR HER CAREER TRACK AND OBTAIN APPROVAL FOR A SUBSTITUTION FROM HIS OR HER FACULTY MENTOR. STUDENTS MAY NOT RECEIVE CREDIT FOR BOTH THIS COURSE AND EITHER  BIOL 3425 - FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OR  BIOL 3430 - PHYSIOLOGY.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
TCCNS: BIOL 2401  
BIOL 2402  Anatomy and Physiology II  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE HUMAN BODY EMPHASIZING BLOOD, GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT, GENETICS, AND THE ENDOCRINE, DIGESTIVE, RESPIRATORY, CARDIOVASCULAR, LYMPHATIC, IMMUNE AND UROGENITAL SYSTEMS. NOT RECOMMENDED FOR MAJORS IN THE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. TO COUNT THIS COURSE TOWARD A MAJOR IN THE DEPARTMENT OF LIFE SCIENCES, A STUDENT MUST DEMONSTRATE THAT IS IS REQUIRED BY PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS IN HIS OR HER CAREER TRACK AND OBTAIN APPROVAL FOR A SUBSTITUTION FROM HIS OR HER FACULTY MENTOR. STUDENTS MAY NOT RECEIVE CREDIT FOR BOTH THIS COURSE AND EITHER  BIOL 3425 - FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OR  BIOL 3430 - PHYSIOLOGY.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2401.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
TCCNS: BIOL 2402  
BIOL 2416  Genetics  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

PRINCIPLES OF GENETIC TRANSMISSIONS AND MOLECULAR BASIS OF HEREDITY AND VARIATION. WEEKLY RECITATION PERIODS WILL INVOLVE TEAM ASSIGNMENTS, PROBLEM SOLVING ACTIVITIES, AND SEMINARS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1406 and 1407.

TCCNS: BIOL 2416  
BIOL 2420  Principles of Microbiology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

INTRODUCTION TO MICROORGANISMS WITH EMPHASIS ON THOSE OF IMPORTANCE IN PATIENT CARE. PRINCIPLES OF DISINFECTION, STERILIZATION, IMMUNITY. THIS CLASS IS INTENDED FOR NURSING MAJORS; IT CANNOT SUBSTITUTE FOR BIOL 2421 - MICROBIOLOGY.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0092.  
TCCNS: BIOL 2420  
BIOL 2421  Microbiology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

AN INTRODUCTION TO MICROORGANISMS INCLUDING THE BACTERIA, FUNGI, AND VIRUSES. LABORATORY INVOLVES MICROBIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES AND DEVELOPMENT OF BASIC LABORATORY SKILLS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1406, 1407, CHEM 1411 and 1412.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0092.  
TCCNS: BIOL 2421  
BIOL 2472  Principles of Botany  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

INTRODUCTION TO THE STRUCTURE, FUNCTION, DIVERSITY AND APPLICATION OF PLANTS. LABORATORY FOCUS ON ANATOMICAL FEATURES, PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATIONS, CLASSIFICATION, AND LIFE CYCLES.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407 and CHEM 1411.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 3300  Animal Nutrition  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

EXAMINES THE DIETARY REQUIREMENTS OF BOTH COMPANION ANIMALS AND LIVESTOCK. INCLUDES THE ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM, NUTRIENT PROCUREMENT AND USE, FEED ADDITIVES, GROWTH STIMULANTS, METABOLIC DISEASES, AND DIET THERAPY. CROSS LISTED WITH BIMS 3300.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407 and CHEM 3411 and (CHEM 3412 or 3412*).
* May be taken concurrently.

BIOL 3325  Biostatistics  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

THE APPLICATION OF STATISTICAL ANALYSES TO BIOLOGICAL DATA.  STUDENTS WILL GAIN AN UNDERSTANDING OF HOW TO APPLY STATISTICAL ANALYSES TO BIOLOGICAL DATA THROUGH STUDY OF THE PRINCIPLES OF EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN INCLUDING HOW TO FRAME INFORMATIVE RESEARCH QUESTIONS. AT A FUNDAMENTAL LEVEL, THESE CONCEPTS ARE LINKED TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE WAY THE WORLD WORKS.

BIOL 3345  Cell Physiology  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

Emphasis on cellular functions that underlie physiological processes, transport across membranes, membrane potential and excitability, the cell nucleus, and organelles and their relationship to energy, metabolism, and transport mechanisms within the cell. Offered during Spring semester of odd-numbered years

Prerequisite: BIOL 2200 or BIMS 2200 and BIOL 3410.

BIOL 3403  Molecular Biology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

PRINCIPLES OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INCLUDING ADVANCED CONCEPTS OF GENE STRUCTURE, EXPRESSION AND REGULATION, CHROMATIN STRUCTURE, RECOMBINATION, AND CURRENT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY TECHNIQUES. LABORATORY EMPHASIS IS ON BASIC SKILLS FOR NUCLEIC ACID ANALYSES, INCLUDING EXTRACTION, PCR AMPLIFICATION, QUANTIFICATION, RESTRICTION, AND ELECTROPHORESIS. DNA SEQUENCING-BASED APPROACHES ARE COVERED INCLUDING BIOINFORMATICS FOR SEQUENCE COMPARISONS, POLYMORPHISMS, AND MOLECULAR IDENTIFICATION. CROSS LISTED WITH BIMS 3403.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2416 and 2421.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0092.  
BIOL 3410  Cell Biology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

STUDY OF CELLULAR ARCHITECTURE AND FUNCTION. TOPICS INCLUDE MEMBRANES, TRANSPORT, ORGANELLES, CYTOSKELETON, AND SIGNALING MECHANISMS. INTERRELATIONSHIPS OF STRUCTURE, FUNCTION, ENERGY AND METABOLISM ARE EXPLORED. LABORATORY WILL EMPHASIZE BASIC TECHNIQUES OF CELL BIOLOGY.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2416 and CHEM 3411.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0092.  
BIOL 3413  Invertebrate Zoology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 1 Lab Hour)  

STRUCTURE, LIFE HISTORY, AND EVOLUTION OF THE INVERTEBRATES WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON THE PHYLOGENY AND ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS OF THE MAJOR PHYLA. LABORATORY WILL INVOLVE FIELD TRIPS AND SURVEY COLLECTIONS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 3414  Vertebrate Zoology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

STRUCTURE, LIFE HISTORY, AND EVOLUTION OF THE VERTEBRATES WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON THE PHYLOGENY AND ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS OF THE CLASSES. LABORATORY WILL INVOLVE FIELD TRIPS AND SURVEY COLLECTIONS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 3425  Functional Anatomy  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

GENERAL TRENDS IN MORPHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT AND ADAPTATION AS DEMONSTRATED BY THE ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY OF LIVING AND EXTINCT CHORDATES. STUDENTS MAY NOT RECEIVE CREDIT FOR BOTH THIS COURSE AND EITHER BIOL 2401 - ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I OR BIOL 2402 - ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 3428  Principles of Ecology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

INTRODUCTION TO THE INTERRELATIONSHIPS OF ORGANISMS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT. POPULATION STRUCTURE, COMMUNITY CLASSIFICATION AND REGULATION, AND ENERGY FLOW IN ECOSYSTEMS WILL ALSO BE COVERED. LABORATORY SECTIONS WILL FOCUS ON EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND FIELD TECHNIQUES IN ECOLOGY.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407 and (BIOL 2200, 2300, BIMS 2200 or UNIV 1101 and UNIV 1102) and CHEM 1411 and (MATH 2413 or 2413*).
* May be taken concurrently.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 3430  Physiology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

THE STUDY OF PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES THAT ARE THE PRODUCT OF COMPLEX INTERACTIONS BETWEEN TISSUES, ORGANS AND ORGAN SYSTEMS, WITH EMPHASIS ON THE CIRCULATORY, RESPIRATORY, ENDOCRINE, MUSCULAR, DIGESTIVE, AND UROGENITAL SYSTEMS. PARTICULAR FOCUS ON HOMEOSTASIS, AND THE ROLE OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND EVOLUTION ON ORGAN SYSTEMS. STUDENTS MAY NOT RECEIVE CREDIT FOR BOTH THIS COURSE AND EITHER  BIOL 2401 - ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I, OR  BIOL 2402 - ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 3455  Plant form and Function  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

ANATOMY OF VEGETATIVE AND REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS OF PLANTS, UNIQUE CELLULAR FEATURES, DEVELOPMENT AND DIFFERENTIATION OF CELL AND TISSUE TYPES. EMPHASIS ON PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF RESPONSE AND ADAPTATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 3479  Plant Ecology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

STRUCTURE, PHYSIOLOGY, LIFE CYCLES, AND ECONOMIC IMPACT OF PLANTS. FACTORS INFLUENCING DIVERSITY, SUCCESSION AND ECOLOGICAL DISTRIBUTION OF PLANTS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4100  RESEARCH ETHICS AND PROFESSIONALISM  
1 Semester Credit Hour (1 Lecture Hour)  

A COURSE DESIGNED TO ENHANCE THE PROFESSIONALISM OF UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCHERS. THIS COURSE DISCUSSES THE CODIFIED ASPECTS OF RESEARCH ETHICS, INCLUDING FABRICATION, FALSIFICATION AND PLAGIARISM OF DATA; ASSIGNING AUTHORSHIP, SUBMITTING MANUSCRIPTS TO MORE THAN ONE JOURNAL AND MANAGEMENT OF LAB TEAMS. IT ALSO ADDRESSES CAREERS IN SCIENCE, RESUME WRITING, PRODUCING THE SUCCESSFUL APPLICATION AND INTERVIEWING SKILLS.

BIOL 4301  Embryology  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

STUDIES THE EVENTS THAT OCCUR JUST PRIOR TO AND DURING GESTATION. INCLUDES GAMETOGENESIS, CHROMOSOMAL AND SINGLE GENE ABERRATIONS, TERATOLOGY, AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE BODY SYSTEMS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2416.

BIOL 4302  Coral Reef Conservation  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

SURVEY OF CHALLENGES AND THREATS FACING CORAL REEF ECOSYSTEMS IN THE 21ST CENTURY AND DISCUSSION OF CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES.  TOPICS INCLUDE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF REEF ECOSYSTEMS, CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS, COARAL BLEACHING, OVER-FISHING AND THE EFFECTIVNESS AND DESIGN OF MARINE PROTECTED AREAS.

BIOL 4304  Biology of Viruses  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF VIRUSES, INCLUDING VIRAL LIFE CYCLES, REPLICATION SCHEMES AND BALTIMORE CLASSIFICATION OF REPRESENTATIVE BACTERIOPHAGES, PLANT AND ANIMAL VIRUSES. EMPHASIS ON ANALYSIS AND REVIEW OF PRIMARY LITERATURE ON VIRUSES.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2416, 2421 and CHEM 1411.

BIOL 4308  Biogeography  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

THIS COURSE OFFERS AN OVERVIEW OF THE THEORIES, METHODS, AND CURRENT DIRECTIONS IN MODERN BIOGEOGRAPHY, EMPHASIZING MARINE AND TERRESTRIAL PLANT AND ANIMAL SPECIES AND COMMUNITIES.  OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS.

BIOL 4311  Biological Bases of Behavior  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

THIS LECTURE-BASED COURSE EXAMINES THE PROCESSES BY WHICH NEURONAL CIRCUITS GENERATE BEHAVIORS AND THE MECHANISMS BY WHICH EXPERIENCE MODULATES THE ACTIVITY OF THESE CIRCUITS.

Prerequisite: BIMS 4323.

BIOL 4312  Mariculture Techniques  
3 Semester Credit Hours (2 Lecture Hours, 2 Lab Hours)  

THE STUDY AND HANDS-ON APPLICATION OF BIOLOGICAL, MECHANICAL, AND OTHER CONCEPTS REQUIRED TO DEVELOP THE SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES NECESSARY FOR EFFICIENT OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE AQUACULTURE FACILITIES. OFFERED IN FALL OF ODD-NUMBERED YEARS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 4370.

BIOL 4319  Biology of Marine Mammals  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

INTRODUCTION TO MARINE MAMMALS, WITH A FOCUS ON THEIR INTERACTIONS WITH THEIR BIOTIC AND ABIOTIC ENVIRONMENT

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

BIOL 4323  Global Change Ecology  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATIC AND ANTHROPOGENIC CHANGE ON TERRESTRIAL AND AQUATIC STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION. INCLUDES READINGS FROM THE CURRENT LITERATURE AND DISCUSSION OF CONTROVERSIAL ARTICLES. OFFERED SPRING ODD YEARS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 3428.

BIOL 4328  Fisheries  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

A STUDY OF THEORY AND TECHNIQUES IN FISHERIES SCIENCE, INCLUDING PRACTICAL FISHERIES SAMPLING DESIGNS AND TECHNIQUES, BEHAVIOR OF FISHERIES POPULATIONS AND APPLICATION TO RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WITH EMPHASIS IN TIDE-INFLUENCED WATERS. INCLUDES READINGS IN THE CURRENT LITERATURE. OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

BIOL 4329  Fisheries Techniques  
3 Semester Credit Hours (2 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

THIS CLASS IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE IN THE THEORY AND APPLICATION OF TRADITIONAL AND MODERN FISHERIES SAMPLING AND ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES USED IN FISHERIES SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT. THIS IS A HANDS-ON FIELD- AND LABORATORY-BASED COURSE THAT WILL DEVELOP SKILLS THAT ARE MOST COMMONLY USED BY FISHERIES BIOLOGISTS AND TECHNICIANS. OFFERED IN FALL OF EVEN-NUMBERED YEARS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 4328.

BIOL 4334  Biology and Ecology of Coral Reefs  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

THIS COURSE WILL INTRODUCE THE BIOLOGY OF CORALS, DESCRIBE THE ABIOTIC AND BIOTIC INTERACTIONS AMONG CORAL REEF ECOSYSTEM INHABITANTS, IDENTIFY THE THREATS OF CLIMATE CHANGE, AND DISCUSS THE CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF REEFS FOR THE FUTURE. OFFERED EVERY SPRING.

Prerequisite: BIOL 3428.

BIOL 4335  Conservation Biology  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

PRINCIPLES AND THEORIES RELATING TO THE CONSERVATION OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, INCLUDING PATTERNS AND PROCESSES CREATING BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, ESTIMATES OF EXTINCTION RATES, CONSEQUENCES OF LOSSES OF BIODIVERSITY AND CAUSES OF DIVERSITY LOSS. 

Prerequisite: BIOL 3428.

BIOL 4336  Marine Ecology  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

HABITATS AND COMMUNITY STRUCTURE IN MARINE ENVIRONMENTS; BIOTIC AND ABIOTIC FACTORS GOVERNING THE DISTRIBUTION OF MARINE ORGANISMS.

BIOL 4340  Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

AN INTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGICAL STUDY USING GENOME-WIDE APPROACHES AND BIOINFORMATICS. THE "-OMICS" TECHNOLOGIES (GENOMICS, PROTEOMICS, METABOLOMICS, ETC.) WILL BE SURVEYED FOR CURRENT AND POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO UNDERSTANDING BIOLOGICAL FUNCTION AT MOLECULAR, CELLULAR, ORGANISMAL AND ECOSYSTEM LEVELS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2416 and 3410 or CHEM 4401.

BIOL 4343  Oceans and Human Health  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

HEALTHY OCEANS ARE ESSENTIAL TO THE HABITABILITY OF OUR PLANET – FOR HUMANS AND ALL OTHER FORMS OF LIFE. STUDENTS WILL EXPLORE LINKS BETWEEN OCEANS, POLLUTION, HUMAN WELL-BEING, ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, AND THE SCIENCE AND LEGISLATION GOVERNING THE ENFORCEMENT OF WATER QUALITY STANDARDS. OFFERED FALL EVERY YEAR.

BIOL 4350  Research and Design  
1-3 Semester Credit Hours (1-3 Lecture Hours)  

COURSE WILL INCLUDE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN, LITERATURE REVIEW OF A RESEARCH TOPIC AND LABORATORY WORK ON THE RESEARCH TOPIC.

BIOL 4353  Down the River: Biology of Gulf Coast Fishes  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

THIS COURSE COVERS ASPECTS OF ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY OF RIVERINE AND ESTUARINE FISHES WHILE EXPOSING STUDENTS TO FIELD SAMPLING TECHNIQUES AND MUSEUM PREPARATION OF SPECIMENS. THIS WILL BE A UNIQUE OPPORTUNITY FOR STUDENTS TO GAIN AN IN-DEPTH UNDERSTANDING OF THE BIOLOGICAL COMPLEXITY OF TEXAS GULF COAST RIVER SYSTEMS WHILE GAINING HANDS-ON EXPERIENCE IN FIELD AND MUSEUM ICHTHYOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES THAT ARE EMPLOYED BY STATE, FEDERAL AND ACADEMIC RESEARCHERS ALIKE.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4355  Public Aquarium and Animal Care Operations  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

THIS COURSE EXAMINES THE UNIQUE REQUIREMENTS NEEDED FOR PUBLIC AQUARIUMS AND ZOOS TO BALANCE ANIMAL CARE AND HEALTH WITH PUBLIC DISPLAY FOR GENERAL EDUCATION AND CONSERVATION RESEARCH.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4370  Mariculture  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

SURVEY OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL, BEHAVIORAL, ENVIRONMENTAL, AND ECONOMIC PARAMETERS GOVERNING THE CULTURE OF SELECTED AQUATIC SPECIES. INCLUDED ARE TECHNIQUES EMPLOYED WORLDWIDE TO PRODUCE AQUATIC PRODUCTS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

BIOL 4371  Population Genetics  
3 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours)  

AN INTRODUCTION TO EVOLUTIONARY PROCESSES AND THEIR GENETIC BASIS, THIS COURSE FOCUSES ON THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF POPULATION GENETICS, QUANTITATIVE GENETICS, EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY, AND MOLECULAR EVOLUTION. OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2416 and MATH 2413.

BIOL 4396  Directed Independent Study  
1-3 Semester Credit Hours (1-3 Lecture Hours)  

RESEARCH IN AREAS OF CURRENT INTEREST. WRITTEN REPORT REQUIRED. MAY BE REPEATED FOR A MAXIMUM OF 6 SEMESTER HOURS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407 and CHEM 1412.

BIOL 4399  Directed Independent Research  
3-6 Semester Credit Hours (3-6 Lecture Hours)  

3-6 sem. hrs. Independent laboratory- or field-based research project on topic of current interest. Project developed in conjunction with a faculty advisor. Written report required. May be repeated once for a total of 6 semester credit hours

BIOL 4405  Limnology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

THE STUDY OF THE FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS AND PRODUCTIVITY OF AQUATIC COMMUNITIES AS THEY ARE AFFECTED BY THEIR PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL, AND BIOTIC ENVIRONMENT. THE INFLUENCE OF MAN'S ACTIVITIES ON THESE SYSTEMS WILL BE THE FOCUS OF THE COURSE.

Prerequisite: BIOL 3428.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4406  Immunology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

AN OVERVIEW OF IMMUNOLOGY WITH EMPHASIS ON CURRENT KNOWLEDGE OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM. DETAILED EXAMINATION OF THE SPECIFIC CELLS, CYTOKINES, ANTIBODIES, AND MOLECULES THAT COMPRISE THE IMMUNE SYSTEM. LABORATORY EXERCISES DEMONSTRATE THE BASIC PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES USED IN IMMUNOLOGIC STUDIES. CROSS LISTED WITH BIMS 4406.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2421.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0092.  
BIOL 4408  Microbial Diversity and Ecology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

BIODIVERSITY AND ROLES OF MICROORGANISMS IN NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS. INTERACTIONS WITH OTHER MICRO- AND MACRO-ORGANISMS (HUMANS, ANIMALS AND PLANTS) AND WITH ABIOTIC FACTORS. UNIQUE ABILITIES OF MICROORGANISMS SUCH AS NITROGEN FIXATION AND ADAPTATION TO EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS.

Prerequisite: (BIOL 2421 or 4328).

Co-requisite: SMTE 0092.  
BIOL 4410  Mammalogy  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

SYSTEMATICS AND ECOLOGY OF MAMMALS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4411  Animal Behavior  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

AN UNDERSTANDING OF WHY ANIMALS BEHAVE IN THE MANNER THEY DO, THROUGH EXAMINATION OF BOTH INVERTEBRATE AND VERTEBRATE SPECIES.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4413  Entomology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

A BROAD OVERVIEW OF THE NATURAL HISTORY, CLASSIFICATION, PHYLOGENY, ECOLOGY, BEHAVIOR, DEVELOPMENT AND PHYSIOLOGY OF INSECTS AND THEIR KIN. THE LAB WILL INVOLVE FIELD WORK, COLLECTION AND CURATION. OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 3413.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4417  Field Biology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (1 Lecture Hour, 6 Lab Hours)  

FIELD BIOLOGY IS A HANDS-ON COURSE DESIGNED TO TEACH STUDENTS KEY CONCEPTS BY IMMERSING THEM IN NATURE. TOPICS INCLUDE ADAPTATIONS OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN DIFFERENT HABITATS, FOOD WEB INTERACTIONS, AND HOW BIOTIC AND ABIOTIC FORCES INTERACT TO STRUCTURE NATURAL COMMUNITIES INCLUDING SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIATION IN COMMUNITIES.

Prerequisite: BIOL 3428.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4422  Plant Taxonomy  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE IN THE CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERING PLANTS. FIELD TRIPS ARE REQUIRED. OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4425  Ornithology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

SYSTEMATICS, ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, ECOLOGY, BEHAVIOR, AND FIELD IDENTIFICATION OF BIRDS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4429  Marine Botany  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

THE ECOLOGY OF MARINE PLANTS WITH EMPHASIS ON IDENTIFICATION, LIFE HISTORIES, AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS OF DISTRIBUTION.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4430  Marine Plankton  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

IN THIS CLASS WE WILL INVESTIGATE THE SYSTEMATICS, DISTRIBUTION, AND ECOLOGY OF MAJOR MARINE PLANKTON GROUPS AND INTRODUCE MAJOR CONCEPTS IN BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY. OFFERED IN SPRING OF ODD-NUMBERED YEARS.

BIOL 4432  Ichthyology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

SYSTEMATICS, EVOLUTION, BIOLOGY, AND ECOLOGY OF FISHES. LABORATORY IDENTIFICATION OF MARINE AND FRESHWATER FISHES COLLECTED DURING FIELD EXCURSIONS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4433  Parasitology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

AN INTRODUCTION TO PARASITOLOGY WITH EMPHASIS ON INTERNAL PARASITES AND APPROPRIATE REFERENCES TO HUMAN ENDOPARASITES AND PARASITES OF VETERINARY IMPORTANCE.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2421.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0092.  
BIOL 4435  Biological Microtechniques  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

THEORY AND TECHNIQUES OF PROCESSING SPECIMENS FOR HISTOCHEMISTRY AND MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION. LABORATORY INCLUDES PREPARATION OF TISSUES AND SMALL SPECIMENS FOR ANALYSIS AND DISPLAY.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407 and CHEM 3411.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0092.  
BIOL 4442  Herpetology  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

SYSTEMATICS, ECOLOGY, AND BEHAVIOR OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES. OFFERED SPRING ODD YEARS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 1407.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4444  Estuarine Organisms  
4 Semester Credit Hours (4 Lecture Hours)  

SYSTEMATICS, DISTRIBUTION, AND ECOLOGY OF ESTUARINE MACROFAUNA AND MACROFLORA. WEEKEND FIELD TRIPS AND INDIVIDUAL STUDY REQUIRED.

Prerequisite: BIOL 3413.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4446  Tropical Ecosystems & Conservation  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 3 Lab Hours)  

SURVEY OF THE ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION ISSUES OF THE MAJOR ECOSYSTEMS IN THE TROPICS AND FIELD TECHNIQUES USED TO STUDY TROPICAL FOREST ECOLOGY. OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS.

Prerequisite: BIOL 3428.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4452  Ecology and Evolution of Fishes  
4 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 4 Lab Hours)  

THIS COURSE COVERS ASPECTS OF FISH ECOLOGY FROM INDIVIDUAL, POPULATION, COMMUNITY, AND ECOSYSTEM LEVELS.  WE DISCUSS THE ROLE OF THE ENVIRONMENT ON FISH PHYSIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR, FOOD-WEB DYNAMICS, COMMUNITY ASSEMBLY AND DIVERSITY, ECOSYSTEM INTERACTIONS, AND ANTHROPOGENIC IMPACTS ON FISHES WITH A FOCUS ON CONSERVATION. 

Prerequisite: BIOL 4432.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.  
BIOL 4547  Marine Science Field Camp  
5 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 6 Lab Hours)  

STUDENTS LEARN TECHNIQUES REQUIRED TO PROPERLY CONDUCT MARINE SCIENCE FIELD RESEARCH. PRACTICAL, HANDS-ON EXPERIENCE IS GAINED IN A VARIETY OF TOPICS INCLUDING BIOTIC AND ABIOTIC SAMPLE COLLECTION AND PROCESSING, QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF FIELD DATA, EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS, SURVIVAL AND DISTRIBUTION OF LIVING ORGANISMS, AND THE STRUCTURE OF BIOTIC COMMUNITIES. 

BIOL 4590  Selected Topics  
5 Semester Credit Hours (5 Lecture Hours)  

VARIABLE CONTENT. MAY BE REPEATED FOR CREDIT.

BIOL 4598  Biology Internship  
2-6 Semester Credit Hours  

TWO TO SIX SEMESTER CREDIT HOURS MAY BE EARNED BY WORKING IN AN INTERNSHIP POSITION IN A GOVERNMENTAL AGENCY, PRIVATE INDUSTRY, OR OTHER APPROPRIATE VENUE. 

BIOL 4609  Field and Sampling Techniques  
3-9 Semester Credit Hours (3 Lecture Hours, 6 Lab Hours)  

THE STUDY OF TECHNIQUES REQUIRED FOR PROPER FIELD WORK IN THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES. THE COURSE INCLUDES ECOLOGICAL SAMPLING METHODS, SAFETY, LOGISTICS, EQUIPMENT OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE AND TRAVEL CONCERNS.

Co-requisite: SMTE 0091.